Monday, October 18, 2004

Various Conjuctions (Japanese)

As starting to learn Japanese, if we had the chance, we encounter
Japanese conversations that seems to be so connected and smooth
in connecting phrases or long thoughts. With this, its a good idea to
start learning and familiarizing various conjuctions. The list below
is the elementary conjuctions we can often hear. Let's start using these
ourselves.

1.
soshite - Ms. Kimura is pretty, and she is also kind. (L8)
(Kimura san wa kirei desu. Soshite taihen shinsetsu desu.)
~ de - Ms. Kimura is pretty and kind. (L16)
(Kimura san wa kirei de, taihen shinsetsu desu.)
~ kute - The food served by the restaurant is inexpensive and good. (L16)
(Ano resutoran wa yasukute, oishii desu.)
sorekara - Give me some stamps. And I want to send this package too, please. (L11)
(Kitte o kudasai. Sorekara kono nimotsu mo onegai-shimasu.)
~ tari - On Sundays, I go shopping, watch a movie and so on. (L19)
(Nichi-yoobi kaimono-shitari, eiga o mitari shimasu.)
~ ga - Hello, this is Tanaka. Is Ichiro there? (L20)
(Moshi moshi, Tanaka desu ga, Ichiro-san o onegai-shimasu. )

2.
sorekara - I'm going to have dinner, then I'm going to watch television. (L6)
(Gohan o tabemasu. Sorekara terebi o mimasu.)
~ te kara - After having dinner, I'll watch television. (L16)
(Bangohan o tabete kara, terebi o mimasu.)
~ te, ~te - I'll have dinner and watch television, then study Japanese. (L16)
(Bangohan o tabete, terebi o mite, Nihon-go o benkyoo-shimasu.)
~ mae ni - I study Japanese before I go to sleep. (L18)
(Neru mae ni, Nihon-go o benkyoo-shimasu.)
~ toki - I always take the train when I commute to the office. (L23)
(Kaisha e iku toki, itsumo densha de ikimasu.)

3.
~ kara - I'm not going anywhere, as I have a lot of homework to do. (L9)
(Shukkudai ga takusan arimasu kara, doko mo ikimasen.)
desukara - The people at the factory don't understand English.
That's why you are required to speak Japanese. (L17)
(Koojoo no hito wa Eigo ga wakarimasen.
Desukara, Nihon-go de hanasanakereba narimasen.)

4.
~ ga - Japanese food tastes good, but it is expensive. (L8)
(Nihon no tabemono wa oishii desu ga, takai desu.)
demo - I want a camera, but I have no money. (L12)
(Kamera ga hoshii desu. Demo, okane ga arimasen.)
keredemo - Factory visits are interesting.
However, I think the time allowed for questions is too short. (L21)
(Kengaku wa omoshiroi desu.
Keredomo, shitsumon no jikan ga mijikai to omoimasu.)

5.
ja - A: The price of this bag is 3,500 yen.
B: Then I'll take it. (L2)
(A: Kono kaban wa 3,500-en desu.
B: Ja, sore o kudasai.)
~ to - Walk straight down this road,
and you'll see a factory on your right. (L23)
(Kono michi o massugu iku to, migi ni koojoo ga arimasu.)
~ tara - I'll stay at home if it rains tomorrow. (L25)
(Moshi ashita ame ga futtara, uchi ni imasu.)

6.
te mo - I'll take a trip even if it rains. (L25)
(Ame ga futte mo, ryokoo ni ikimasu.)